ANDHRA PRADESH TOURISM GUIDE
ABOUT ANDHRA PRADESH
Andhra Pradesh, the symbol of the true spirit of Indian secularism where people of all faiths -Muslim, Buddhist, and Hindu form a symphony of religions. History has forged and left behind vital links with the state, as is evident from the many edifices, monuments and architectural ruins, the legacy of dynasties as old as 300 B.C. Traces of the diverse and variegated facets of the culture of the Mauryas, Pallavas, Cholas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, and Vijayanagar, offer imposing vistas, that continue to fascinate the observer. Situated south of the Vindhyas, it shares a common history with its neighbors, Maharashtra, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka. The medieval city of Hyderabad is its capital.
Andhra Pradesh is known for the famous Sri Venkateswara temple at Tirupati, Charminar, Salar Jung Museum, Golconda Fort in Hyderabad and Buddhist viharas at Nagarjunasagar. Also visit the wildlife and bird sanctuaries of Kolleru, Manjira, Kawal, and Papikonda. Andhra has a nearly 1000 km-coastline with eight of its 23 districts having direct access to the sea. Famous beaches are Visakhapatnam Bheemunipatnam, Kakinada, Chirala, Kalingapatnam and Mypad.
Capital of Andhra Pradesh:
Once a medieval city, Hyderabad is a modern metropolis. A revolution in etiquette is underway, recasting values. The yuppie ethos has invaded the city and western haute couture is slowly being preferred over the sherwani and burqa. This is the city that has even been the home of a Miss World. Fortunately, gourmets have not let the Deccani cuisine, the Hyderabadi biryani, in particular, pass into legend.
History of Andhra Pradesh:
Andhra Pradesh was, in fact, created by combining the old princely state of Hyderabad with the Telegu-speaking portions of the former state of Madras. The Chalukyas held sway till the 10th c. when the Cholas seized power. In the 14th c., Muslim power reached this southern state and for centuries ruled over this princely state. It was finally was taken over by a General of the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb. The General’s successors, called Nizams, ruled the state till Independence.
Culture of Andhra Pradesh:
Beautiful crafts, vibrant religious festivals, varied cuisine and the sonorant mother tongue, Telugu, are some of the indelible impressions of this state. Kuchipudi is the famous classical dance form of Andhra Pradesh. Tribal dances contribute in equal measure to the artistic heritage of Andhra Pradesh. Tholubommalaata, a shadow puppetry theatre is a fascinating folk art.
Friendly and warm, the Andhras are an ancient people, who can trace their roots and history to the Mauryan period, an interest in arts, crafts, and dance. Andhra Pradesh is also a rich mosaic of cultures. Muslims, Buddhists, and Hindus live in relative peace and harmony. The Tirupati is, however, the trump card for the state’s tourism industry drawing people from all over the country and worldwide. Donations from Tirupati alone, have led to the establishment of a university, several hospitals & schools.
Occupation in Andhra:
More than 70 percent of its population live by agriculture, growing rice, other cereals, and pulses. The major bulk of India’s Virginia tobacco crop is grown in Andhrapradesh. Industrial growth has transformed the landscape into precious pits of copper, mica, coal and manganese.
Lacquer toys, Anakapalli articles, Ikat weaving, Pembarthi Sheet Metal Ware, Nirmal pottery, Bidriwork as well as Gadhwal, Pochampalli and Dharmavaram silk saris are some of the amazing handlooms and handicrafts Andhra Pradesh is renowned for. Durgi, Allagadda, and Tirupati are three of the major centers of stone art. Telangana is particularly well known for its folk paintings. Banjara needlecraft, Kalamkari, the pen-painted fabrics of Machilipatnam and Kalahasti; Silver Filigree of Karimnagar and Budithi handicraft of Srikakulam are other handicraft specimens.
Climate of Andhra Pradesh:
varies from 41-20 degree centigrade in summer (March to May) to 32 -13 degree centigrade in winter (january to February). June to December are the monsoon months and the weather remains hot and sultry. October to February is the best season.
Population of Andhra Pradesh :
Festivals of Andhra Pradesh:
The Deccan Festival, with its cultural programs, is celebrated in February. Bakri-Id is celebrated with ritualistic fervor in Andhra Pradesh and in particular, the old city of Hyderabad. The Andhra Ugaadi which heralds the New Year also means a season of mango-pickling and more literary pursuits such as poetry competitions. The state also observes typical Indian festivals such as Nag Panchami, Holi, Diwali, Gandhi Jayanti, Mahavir Jayanti, and others.
Andhra Pradesh Tourism Offices:
APTDC (Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation), Tank Bund Road, Hyderabad-500 004
Dept. of Tourism, Andhra Pradesh, Opp. Burgula Rama Krishna Rao Bhavan, Tank Bund Road, Hyderabad-500004
Tourist Information Counter, Airport, Begumpet Hyderabad – 500016.